Brandywine Battlefield Park Associates Brandywine Battlefield Park. Map of the Battle of the Brandywine - September 11, 1777. Historical Map. To prevent the defeat turning into disaster Washington ordered Nathanael Greene’s division to act as a rear-guard so that the Continental Army could escape to the northeast. Call Number/Physical Location G3824.C387S3 1777 … Giving Tuesday is December 1st, 2020. Omissions? With Howe’s attack from the north and Knyphausen’s push through the middle at Chadd, the Americans were soon in full retreat. Battle of Brandywine, 11 Septr. Although wounded, the charismatic young Frenchman remained on the field to ensure an organized withdrawal. The British general Sir William Howe was lured to Philadelphia in the belief that its large Tory element would rise up when joined by a British army and thus virtually remove Pennsylvania from the war. Knyphausen’s advance guard did attack at Chadds Ford as Washington had planned, arriving early in the morning on 11 September. The battle ended with dusk, and darkness and fatigue on the part of Howe’s troops prevented any British pursuit of the retreating Americans. When night fell, the remaining Americans fell back in an orderly retreat, led in part by the Marquis de Lafayette. Howe divided his army, with General Charles Cornwallis leading one column of about 9,000 while Lieutenant General Wilhelm von Knyphausen commanded another 7,000. The Battle of Brandywine occurred on September 11, 1777, near Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania. Brandywine Battlefield. The British approached Philadelphia from the Chesapeake, landing at Head of Elk, Maryland (present day Elkton). Please consider making a gift today to help raise the $170,000 we need to preserve this piece of American history forever. Stone Wall at the Birmingham Meeting House, Chester County, PA, 2015. Plan a Visit. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Battle of Brandywine was fought September 11, 1777, during the American Revolution (1775-1783). Join @ccplanning for an exciting webinar on Thursday, 12/17, highlighting new findings on the Battlefield’s southern region, including a sneak-peek of the next phase of Battlefield study! Simultaneously, Knyphausen’s troops hit the American units that remained near the Quaker meeting house at Chadds Ford. On September 11, 1777, the largest land battle of the American Revolution raged across Pennsylvania’s Brandywine River valley. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. The Battle of Brandywine was the largest and longest single-day battle of the American Revolution (~11 hours long), involved over 30,000 troops between the two armies, resulted in the most casualties of any battle in the war, and covered 35,000 acres. The player plays as the British, and the A.I. Behind the Marker . Let us know. Washington at first disregarded a scout’s report about a pending flanking action by British troops heading south, but by 2:00 p.m. Howe’s advance was confirmed, leading Washington diverted all but one division to face Howe. One of the largest battles of the conflict, Brandywine saw General George Washington attempt to defend the American capital at Philadelphia. Brandywine Battlefield Park Associates Brandywine Battlefield Park. The engagement occurred near Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania during General William Howe's Philadelphia campaign to take Philadelphia. …had defeated Washington’s forces at Brandywine Creek on September 11 and occupied the American capital of Philadelphia on September 25.…, …fighting with distinction at the Battle of the Brandywine, near Philadelphia, on September 11, 1777, he was given command of his own division. The British general Sir William Howe was lured to Philadelphia in the belief that its large Tory element would rise up when joined by a British army and thus virtually remove Pennsylvania from the war. Washington’s plan was to block all of the fords across Brandywine Creek, especially the north ford at Wistar and the furthest south ford at Pyle, thereby forcing Howe to engage Washington toward the middle, at Chadds Ford, where Washington controlled the high ground with two divisions with artillery. Battle of Brandywine, (September 11, 1777), in the American Revolution, engagement near Philadelphia in which the British defeated the Americans but left the Revolutionary army intact. Confident of success, Howe hoped to draw Washington into a decisive battle. BATTLE MAP | The American Battlefield Trust’s map of the Battle of Brandywine, Pennsylvania on... Rev War. The Battle of Germantown, a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War, was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania between the British army led by Sir William Howe and the American army under George Washington. Every purchase supports the mission. General Wilhelm von Kynphausen was ordered to demonstrate against the Americans’ front at Chadds Ford, while the bulk of Howe’s forces crossed the Brandywine further upstream. In 1777, Gen. George Washington took a position along Brandywine Creek in an attempt to keep 15,000 British and Hessian troops commanded by Gen. William Howe from capturing Philadelphia. The campaign began when British forces, led by General Sir William Howe departed New York City and sailed up the Chesapeake Bay. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, administered by Brandywine Battlefield Park Commission. Feb 9, 2018 - Battle of Brandywine - Location of Stirling's Division on the ridge (i.e. Brandywine Battlefield Historic Site is a National Historical Landmark. https://www.britannica.com/event/Battle-of-the-Brandywine, Lieutenant General Wilhelm von Knyphausen. The Battle of Brandywine occurred on September 11, 1777, near Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania. Hours of Operation: Tuesday-Saturday: 9 AM - 4 PM Sunday: 12 PM - 4 PM. The Battle of Brandywine on September 11, 1777, was the only major clash of the two main armies during the campaign that ended … W of Darlington Corners, West Chester. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. LOCATION . Donate. At 11 hours in length, the battle was also the longest single-day battle of the Revolutionary War. Greene’s brave men counterattacked, going toe-to-toe with British along the crest of Birmingham Hill. His forces were able to reconnoiter the British landing from Iron Hill, which was nine miles north… Join @ccplanning for an exciting webinar on Thursday, 12/17, highlighting new findings on the Battlefield’s southern region, including a sneak-peek of the next phase of Battlefield study! The largest battle of the war, more than 30,000 soldiers fought during the battle. Michael C. Harris’s impressive Brandywine: A Military History of the Battle that Lost Philadelphia but Saved America, September 11, 1777, is the first full-length study of this pivotal engagement in many years. An 18 minute film presentation tells the story of the battle in the context of the Philadelphia Campaign of 1777. General Sir William Howe launched his campaign in late July 1777, when he loaded his army of 16,500 British and Hessian soldiers aboard a 265-ship armada in New York and set sail. The campaign began when British forces, led by General Sir William Howe departed New York City and sailed up the Chesapeake Bay. is the U.S. 1 Description 2 General Information 3 Notes 4 Units 5 History After landing from his transport ships in the American Coast, Major General Sir William Howe led the British troops eastwards, with the intent of capturing Philadelphia. On September 11, 1777, Howe’s troops reached Osborne Hill, after an 11 hour forced march from Kennett Square. American General George Washingtonhad positioned his 20,000 Continental soldiers between the Chesapeake and Philadelphia in an attempt to defend the Continental Capital. Call Number/Physical Location G3824.C387S3 1777 … The British forces, led by General William … On September 11, 1777, Howe’s troops reached Osborne Hill, after an 11 hour forced march from Kennett Square. Unloading the ships proved to be a logistical proble… Taking up positions along Brandywine Creek, Washington mistakenly believed that his army blocked all fords across the Brandywine. The historic park is owned and operated by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, on 52 acres (210,000 m 2), near Chadds Ford, Delaware County, Pennsylvania in the United States. OUR GOAL . Stone Wall at the Birmingham Meeting House, Chester County, PA, 2015. Battle Map. Behind the Marker . The number in the left column is the mileage. Divisions of the American Battlefield Trust: The American Battlefield Trust is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Help save 95 acres of hallowed ground at two key Revolutionary War battlefields – Bennington and Brandywine. HOME - HISTORY MAPS - Battle of the Brandywine 1777. DONATION MATCH . $95,000. Contributor Names Montrésor, John, 1736-1799. Embarking from New York City in July 1777, Howe’s army of about 16,000 troops met General George Washington’s Continental Army of about 15,000 in the vicinity of Chadds Ford, on Brandywine Creek in southeastern Pennsylvania, about 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Philadelphia. At 11 hours in length, the battle was also the longest single-day battle of the Revolutionary War. Although these articles may currently differ in style from others on the site, they allow us to provide wider coverage of topics sought by our readers, through a diverse range of trusted voices. More troops fought at Brandywine than any other battle of the Revolutionary War. Confused in the haste to counter the move, the Americans were unable to mount a coordinated defense when the British attacked around 4 pm. Opposing Washington was Sir William Howe and an army of 15,500 British Regulars and Hessian troops. Ownership and Administration (1961). Map of the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga - July 2-6, 1777. HISTORICAL MAP | The Battle of Germantown, Pennsylvania on October 4, 1777. The crushing defeat allowed the British to occupy Philadelphia, but the bulk of the Continental army survived to fight another day. The Battle of Brandywine, or the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was a battle between the American army of Major General George Washington and the army of General Sir William Howe, comprising of British-Hessian army men. The Battle of Brandywine was the largest and longest single-day battle of the American Revolution (~11 hours long), involved over 30,000 troops between the two armies, resulted in the most casualties of any battle in the war, and covered 35,000 acres. Corrections? Questions or concerns? Outstanding Resources for Distance Learning. Location: U.S. 1, near Chadd's Ford, Delaware County. The Battle of Brandywine, also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was fought between the American army of Major General George Washington and the British army of General Sir William Howe on September 11, 1777. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, administered by Brandywine Battlefield Park Commission. Directions ; Plan a Visit; The Brandywine Dispatch. The Battle of the Brandywine on September 11, 1777, marked the apparent end of a long period of frustration for the British in North America. Control of the fords of the Brandywine would be the key to his position and although a possible flank attack was discussed, it's likelihood was discounted on the strength of local information. The Battle of Brandywine and the American Revolution are presented in the park's modern Visitor Center. The battle had been raging for hours by the time Howe's force appeared undetected on the Continental right flank. However, despite putting up a stiff resistance, the Continentals were eventually overrun by Howe’s men. The Battle of Brandywine, or the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was a battle between the American army of Major General George Washington and the army of General Sir William Howe, comprising of British-Hessian army men. But the countermeasure was too little, too late. W of Darlington Corners, West Chester. Taking up positions along Brandywine Creek, Washington mistakenly believed that his army blocked all fords across the Brandywine. In 1777, Gen. George Washington took a position along Brandywine Creek in an attempt to keep 15,000 British and Hessian troops commanded by Gen. William Howe from capturing Philadelphia. Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. History of the Battle of the Brandywine September 9, 1777: Washington Prepares Defenses Philadelphia, the capital of the newly formed nation, was the goal of British General Howe during the campaign of 1777. Hand was commanding Fort Pitt in western Pennsylvania when the Battle of Brandywine took place on Sept. 11, 1777, Slaymaker says. The British defeated the Americans and forced them to withdraw toward the rebel capital of Philadelphia. 1491 Baltimore Pike Chadds Ford, PA 19317. It was also the longest single-day battle of the war, with continuous fighting for 11 hours. Washington’s line collapsed. Battle of Brandywine, (September 11, 1777), in the American Revolution, engagement near Philadelphia in which the British defeated the Americans but left the Revolutionary army intact. Map of the British Colonies in North America 1763-1775 Dedication Date: March 18, 1952. Fighting was ferocious in places, but the Americans were soon in full retreat, pulling back to nearby Chester and leaving behind strategic cannons. Map of the Saratoga Campaign: Ticonderoga to Freeman's Farm, July 5 - September 19, 1777. The battle was a victory for the British, allowing them to march into Philadelphia. Preserve 108 Acres of the Most Important Unprotected Battlefield Land, Save 40 Acres of the American Revolution Southern Theater, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Battle of Brandywine: Proving the Patriots’ Mettle. The Majority of our funds go directly to Preservation and Education. Returning to France in February 1779, he worked with American emissaries Benjamin Franklin and John…. The Battle of Brandywine was fought September 11, 1777, during the American Revolution (1775-1783). Experience the largest land battle of the. The Battle of Brandywine Creek is a historical battle in Empire: Total War. The Battle of Brandywine was also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek. General George Washington faced one of his fiercest foes in Britain’s General Sir William Howe , who was supported by General Lord Cornwallis . Your tax-deductible gift will help us to preserve this irreplaceable twice-hallowed ground at Gaines' Mill and Cold Harbor — forever. Howe, however—aided by local Loyalist scouts—had been tipped off about unguarded fords unbeknownst to Washington further north of Wistar, where Howe’s troops could cross without incident and proceed to march south for a surprise attack on Washington’s right flank.