During winter they mostly sleep but not a true hibernation. Bears are fast; they can run more than 60 kilometers an hour (37 mph) – that’s twice as fast as an Olympic sprinter. of rest, though they may wake if disturbed. The sad fact is that many baby cubs will not reach adulthood due to hunting and attacks from predators. They also eat ants, grubs, termites, beetles, and other insects. An actual hibernation consists of lower body temperature, heart rate, breathing rate and blood pressure. American black bears are eating machines and are mostly vegetarian. 3. Interested in your business being on the Highlander, click here... Let our visitors tell you about the Highlander... Click the feathers to go to the Highlander site Your e-mail addresses will not be sold or given away to anyone. Black bears are one of the more common species in North America. It has ears that are often pointed and a short tail. They will nurse the mother who is often barely aware of their cubs feeding during their hibernation period. Always exercise caution if you come across a Black Bear in the wild, when disturbed they can be highly unpredictable. Their territory is greatly reduced in Mexico. They use their powerful front and hind legs to paddle swiftly through water and are actually graceful swimmers. The further west you go, the more likely it is you could see brown, cinnamon, tan or blonde black bears. Black bears come in more colors than any other North American mammal. 1 to 5, 7 to 37, 41 to 49, 51 to 55 and 70 to 86: July 1 to August 31 : Though Black Bears do have large teeth they are considered too lazy when it comes to big game hunting, such as deer. They put on weight quickly. Black Bears prefer solitude from humans, yet when confronted they’re more likely to indulge in mock-heroics before scampering up the nearest tree. Most of this weight is gained in the fall, preparing for winter hibernation or deep sleep. Black Bear Ursus americanus Context. Approximately 150 cm long and with a height at the shoulder that varies from 100 to 120 cm, an adult black bear has a moderate-sized head with a rather straight facial profile and a tapered nose with long nostrils. The sound of their voice expresses how they feel such as happy, sad, angry, fretful or alarmed. They go “dormant” during the winter months. Human attacks are rare. Cubs remain with their mothers throughout the first year, and will den with momma bear the following winter. •They have a keen sense of smell (a bear's sense of smell is seven times greater than a bloodhound's) and good hearing. Today, the grizzly bear remains in a few isolated locations in … Some species of bears, including Asiatic black bears and sun bears, are also threatened by the illegal wildlife trade. ract:eristics of black bears (Ursus americanus) were studied in west-central Idaho during 1973-77. When in danger or hunting for prey they have the ability to burst into running mode with speeds up to 25 to 30mph. about black bears specifically in New York State www.bear.org The North American Bear Center offers a wealth of online information about black bears. It is forbidden to place a nutritive substance as bait to trap black bear, depending on the UGAFs, during the periods mentioned in the following table: UGAF. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Ursidae Physical Characteristics. They may become protective if cubs are present and may bluff intruders with fake charges. The only color highlights on their mostly dark fur are brown patches on their face and sometimes white chest markings. They offer information on bear facts, show live videos of black bear dens, and offer rentals of “black bear boxes”, a box of materials to teach a unit on black bears for the price of $150. During her 3 weeks of heat she is likely to breed with several male bears. They are very strong with recorded cases of a black bear turning over 300 pound rocks with a single foreleg. Male bears leave the females after mating providing no assistance to the mother or cubs welfare. Baby black bears are born and live in the safety of the mother's den during winter. nature vs. nurture satirical essay jane eyre white privilege procrastination interview critical domestic violence sociological imagination conclusion friends poet christmas civil disobedience textual analysis. Cub training begins at this stage of growth, learning what to eat, how to climb trees and they even learn to swim. At the top of the food chain they are not picky about their diet. The best defense is to back out of the area slowly. Over the next three years they will grow to their full adult weight, totally maturity at about 4 years old. Mothers use their paws to inform her cubs of her approval as well as disapproval. Comparable to both dogs and cats, bears have the ability to sense a present danger up to a mile away and like the feline and K9 crowd, black bears can sense friend or foe more by what they can smell, than see. Top Tag’s. The American black bear is considered a threatened species in some areas. Black Bears have great paw dexterity with their front feet, allowing them to be firm and gentle. To put their speed in perspective, bears can run 15 meters per second (50 feet per second). In other areas they are actively hunted and are subject to open "hunting seasons". Records of human attacks are rare. Black bear paws have short claws to help them climb, dig, gather plant food, and attack small mammals. Invaders are run off by the more aggressive mother, the less aggressive mother will usually take to a nearby tree with her cubs for safety sake in order to avoid a fight or having her cubs hurt. Their scent can also show signs of gender, it can send out mating offers and express emotions such as fear. They have round ears perched on broad heads. up for the Blue Ridge Highlander Newsletter, Messages from the Mountains, Sign Bears * About Us * Contact Us * Bear Cruelty. The tail is very short and inconspicuous. While in the trees, the cubs observe their domain, play and often take naps. If you encounter a standing black bear, it is not threatening you. A bear might attack if they feel their cubs are in danger, if the bear feels personally threatened or if it’s a habitual bear looking for human food and is willing to take what it wants. Scent isn’t the only way they express their emotions. Of the two species, black bears have a much larger range across the United States. They mostly eat grasses, herbs and fruit, but will sometimes eat other things, including fish. Description of the Black Bear Black bears are, you guessed it, black! The following spring its time for the litter to leave momma bear and set out on their own. They begin climbing as cubs and continue all their lives. Anything they can eat! Black bears have a great sense for smelling and hearing, which make them very curious creatures. black bear characteristics. After roughly 8 to 10 weeks, the cubs weigh about 5 pounds and can journey out of the den with their mother. But they have adapted to many different habitats. Black bears also like salmon and other kinds of fish and will hunt for small mammals if available where they live. Black Bear cubs learn what’s proper to eat, and what’s poison, by sniffing their mother’s breath to determine what they should consume. PDF | Two geographically discrete populations of black bears (Ursus americanus) in Idaho were studied during 1973-76. Mothers have their cubs when in hibernation and can always sense an intrusion. Most reliable way to distinguish a Black Bear skeleton from that of a Grizzly Bear: (Gordon 1977) Grizzly's 1st molar in lower jaw is longer than 20.4 mm (.8 in) and wider than 10.5 mm (.4 in) Other good ways to distinguish Black and Brown Bears: Grizzly has shoulder hump; Black Bear doesn't They wake up at times after long periods of sleep and will leave the den for short strolls then return for more deep sleep. Black Bears reach full maturity between 2 to 5 years of age and can live well into their 30’s under normal, natural condition. writing, digital images, etc are the, Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains, Sign The oldest animal encountered was a female,number 67-108,killed on the study area during the 1967 season and aged at 20.75 years. Their individual scent makes each bear aware of another bear’s personal foraging area, it tells bears which other bears to avoid. up for the Blue Ridge Highlander Newsletter, Messages from the Mountains Black bears are carnivorous though it makes up only a small portion of their diet. For more information concerning Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains, continue to read our featured stories within the Highlander’s  “Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains” series. The attacks were credited to too much rural development along the perimeter areas of the mountains and national forest areas near where the attacks took place. Female Black Bears, known as “sows,” mate once every two years, males mate annually. The warmer southern Appalachian’s (southern Blue Ridge Smoky Mountain) regions may cause mother bears to be more alert and aware when giving birth. Trees or man-made structures can retain the scent for 3 or 4 weeks. It is trying to get more information about you and your intentions. They also dine on carpenter ants from wood logs, grasshoppers, termites, yellow jacket and their nests and ant’s from anthills. Black Bears usually begin breeding between 3 1/2 to 4 1/2 years of age. Black bears can remain dormant for up to 5 months in winter. The black bear is large and stocky and has a short tail. American black bears are found in Canada, Mexico and North America. Many facts including growth rate, habitat, time of year, diet, and gender determine how big a bear will grow. Click the feathers to go to the Highlander site Males can be up to 70 percent heavier than females. Breeding season begins each July followed by a gestation of 7 months, most cubs are delivered from mid January to mid February; litters consist of 1 to 3 cubs. This gland guides the cubs to the proper things to eat and verifies they are eating the same as their mothers are. Black bear anatomy includes a straight face and flat shoulders. Black bear cubs leave small prints with no claw indentations. Though male bears usually mature a few months after female, some male bears can breed as early as 1 1/2 years old. Within the roof of the cub’s mouth is a gland called the Kilham Gland. It’s only natural for Black Bears to live a long healthy life in the wilderness they inhabit: yet bear-human conflicts due to food sources and encroachment have interfered with the natural design of the bears plan, creating endangerment and decline for these Southern Appalachian Bear residents. At times when the mother needs to forage for her young cubs without their interference, she’ll send her cubs up a nearby tree in a good feeding area, keeping a close eye on her cubs. An attempt was made to correlate selected measured characteristics of black bears with their ages. Their ears are large and erect. Other species may be nocturnal, active at night, though female sloth bears with cubs may feed more at daytime to avoid competition from conspecifics and nocturnal predators. It is usually black with a tan muzzle and a white patch on its chest. They can run for short distances only. Black bears are shy and normally avoid people. American black bears are omnivores, with their diets varying greatly depending on season and location.They typically live in largely forested areas but will leave forests in search of food. They make their way up the tree in a spiral motion before descending rump first until their bottoms make contact with the forest floor. For starters, black bears, or Ursus americanus, are small, plentiful (compared to the other North American bear species) bears, with a range that extends from Alaska and Canada all the way to Mexico. One life long pleasure for all Black Bears is climbing trees. They have black colored fur, and lighter brown colored muzzles with black noses and a black stripe up the top of the muzzle. They build their dens in caves, burrows, tree trunks, and brush or grass nests.