In fact, I’ve entitled today’s message: “Jochebed – The Trusting Mother,” because Jochebed is such a wonderful example of faith in God and learning to trust God with our children. Therefore, it makes him the brother of Moses, and that makes Moses the son of Thutmose I. The regimen of rituals, songs and textual readings performed in a specific order on the first two nights (in Israel, on the first night) of Passover.Seder Eliyahu Rabbah 29). The latest date that Jochebed could have been born was 2385 AM (1620 BC), the year her father died. Jochebed may not have known all that Moses would ultimately mean to God's plan, but she did realize that he was a gift from God and she loved him and would protect him at all costs. Jochebed bore Amram three righteous offspring. My mother Jochebed’s teeth were blunted by [the death of] two of her children in her lifetime; will more of her teeth be blunted by my death?” But this argument, too, was of no avail (Deut. In fact, when Jesus came and died for our sins at Calvary, that was the greatest expression of love the world would ever see, Rom. Floyd Nolen Jones calculates that if Joshua died twenty years after the ending of the seven years of warfare in the Promised Land, as Flavius Josephus states, then he must have been born no earlier than 1534 BC, or no more than three years before Moses' exile. By merit of her good deeds, she gave birth to the three leaders of the Exodus generation: Moses, Aaron, and Miriam. Jochebed (2 Occurrences) Exodus 6:20 Amram took Jochebed his father's sister to himself as wife; and she bore him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram were a hundred and thirty-seven years. When Moses was born, Jochebed saw (Ex. For 430 years, Israelites lived in Egypt, at first in comfort because the “vice president” of the country was their relative Joseph. If the Midrash and Aggadah really contain these lies, the 'rabbis' quoted in them wouldn't know the Torah if it bit them. Yet the Bible reveals that Levi and his son and grandson all had very long life spans. “Pharaoh orders every able-bodied man to report for work duty immediately,” a […] If Amram’s and Jochebed’s heroic efforts to save Moses were discovered and reported, Pharoah could have had the whole family executed as an example to deter Israelites from disobeying his commands. That Jochebed could still be bearing children at the age of forty-eight might seem unlikely by modern standards. Moses said: The mouth that will speak with God will not nurse something impure [the milk of non-Jews]. So the 'sages' can't count, either. . Rather, the then-reigning Pharaoh signed his death warrant and Moses had to flee like the wanted man that he was. She and her husband, Amram lived around 1571BC to 1613BC or 2,433 years after Creation. It is doubtful whether the decree of the wicked Pharaoh will be fulfilled, but you are righteous, and your decree will undoubtedly be fulfilled.” Amram heeded his daughter, and returned to his wife, whom he remarried in a public celebration with all possible pomp and ceremony: he sat her in a palanquin, Aaron and Miriam danced before her, and the ministering angels proclaimed (Ps. The latter had spoken impudently to Pharaoh, who sought to kill her in his anger. Yet the Biblereveals that Levi and his son and grandson all had very long life spans. There is also little question that Jochebed should get a lot of credit for everything Moses did. That same day God swore that the Ark and the Torah would be entrusted to the arms of his descendants (the Kohathites are the only ones who bore the Ark during the journeying in the wilderness, as is attested in Num. So she took a wicker basket and covered it with tar and pitch. Is God a liar or inconsistent, or are the 'sages' liars not to know Hebrew usage of 'dodato'? In all three explanations, Jochebed immediately comprehended that her son was meant for greatness and she discerned that he possessed unique spiritual qualities. The Pharaoh's daughter was bathing in the Nile, when one of her maids saw the basket and brought it to her. I. Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 6:20: “Amram took to wife his father’s sister Jochebed.” Amram was the son of Kohath and the grandson of Levi, while Jochebed was the daughter of Levi, and therefore his aunt. Jochebed understood her role in life as a wife and mother. cit.). This sequence omits a lengthy period of time, for Jochebed and Amram already had two other children (Aaron and Miriam) when Moses was born. Later she returned with clothing and crib for the child. It is interesting that Scripture tells us three times in Exodus 2:2, Acts 7:20 and Hebrews 11:23 that "she saw that he was a goodly child." 3:31) (Lit. Rabbi (Judah ha-Nasi) would sit and expound, and the public was drowsing. The question of Jochebed’s kinship to Amram arises from the statement in Ex. Thank you and God bless! Jochebed nursed Moses for twenty-four months (Ex. That's far more praiseworthy than little mitzwot people invent. God returned her child to her, thus granting her a part of her reward for keeping alive the Hebrew boys (Ex. Doesn't anyone check the use of Hebrew words before pontificating a lie which would make Moses the first breaker of the Mosaic law? Jochebed appears in at least two motion picture projects depicting the life of Moses and the oppression and Exodus of Israel. She is a witless baby.” Still another notion bases its understanding of the name on Job 26:13: “By his wind the heavens were calmed [shifrah].” The verse describes the heavens that were created by God for Israel, and it was Shiphrah who returned Israel to their Father in heaven (Eccl. Amram married Jochebed for the sake of Heaven. Jochebed: An Impossible Problem Solver By Glenn Davis. In fact, Jochebed is the first in the Bible to be named with yah, a shortened form of YHWH. He said: “Master of the Universe! The Bible; the Pentateuch; Tanakh (the Pentateuch, Prophets and Hagiographia)Torah also designates Jochebed as the “daughter of Levi” (Num. Jochebed gave her son for Israel. There was once a woman in Egypt, he told them, who gave birth to 600,000 children at once; on being asked who that woman was, he said she was Jochebed, whose son Moses was worth 600,000 Israelites (Cant. He died for you!) After three months Jochebed was forced to obey the decree of Pharaoh. Jochebed's daughter Miriam followed the basket as it drifted into the private beach area that belonged to the royal family. BELIEF so strong, Jacob enters Egypt knowing he's committing his family to slavery and they all STAY there, knowing that future? This is corroborated by another early A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation (hermeneutical rules).midrash, that states that Jochebed was one of the offspring of Jacob who went down to Egypt and was also among those who entered the land of Canaan (Lit. If you want to read the first two Bible studies check out: Zarephath Widow Bible Study – A lesson in courage and surrender. The A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation (hermeneutical rules).midrash describes in detail how she prepared the ark for Moses. Jochebed's younger son Moses was born in 2433 AM (1571 BC), about forty-eight years after the death of Jochebed's father Levi (1620 BC). Lieberman], pp. 2). . So Jochebed and Miriam took the boy home and Jochebed nursed him. She caulked it with “bitumen and pitch” (Ex. The wording “she placed it among the reeds” (ibid.) Rabbah 1:16). Jochebed succeeded in concealing Moses for three months (Ex. Yet another tradition explains that she shiprah her actions before God (i.e., performed good deeds, that were pleasing to the Lord). When she saw that he was a “fine” child, she hid him for three months and when she could do so no longer, she made a basket out of bulrushes and … Rabbah 1:15:3). Little did Jochebed know that Moses would grow up to be a Hebrew lawgiver, statesman, prophet, and leader. teaches that Jochebed put the ark in a protected place, where bushes and reeds grew. The Torah she-bi-khetav: Lit. When He did, God knew exactly what He was doing. According to another A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation (hermeneutical rules).midrash, Moses rejected the breasts of the Egyptian women because he said: “God will speak with me. The sage, who wanted to awaken them, said: “A single woman in Egypt gave birth to sixty myriads from a single stomach.” There was a pupil there named R. Ishmael son of R. Yose, who asked him: “Was this really so?” He [Rabbi] replied: “This is Jochebed, who bore Moses, who is deemed the equivalent of sixty myriads of Israel” (Cant. Because she was the sister of Kohath, who lived for 133 years, she could have lived the same number of years and died five years after the Exodus of Israel. "the written Torah." It is not known when Jochebed died. Accordingly, Prov. The Rabbis resolve this abbreviated chronology by stating that Jochebed and Amram divorced, and Ex. 2:1–2 state that he “married a Levite woman. In 2433 AM, Jochebed gave birth to Moses. That is far more important than any good deed you can invent and pride yourself on (being petty of course). 2 tells of the birth of Moses. The conditions described in the first two chapters of Exodus indicate that indeed those were dark days for the Children of Israel. Still later, Ramses II sends Moses into exile, but first gives him a Levite cloak (red with alternating black and white stripes) that, he says, Jochebed sent to him before she died. She chose bulrushes, a soft and flexible material that is capable of withstanding contact with both soft and hard objects. Jochebed was the youngest member of the seventy souls that made up Jacob's household. For seventeen years she was together, with her grandfather, for Jacob died seventeen years after his coming to Egypt. The Pharaoh had decreed that all Jewish male infants must die after birth. 5:15 – He died for all! Then she placed Moses into it and set it adrift in the Nile. V. 1 begins with the marriage of Jochebed and Amram, and then the reader is immediately told of Moses’s birth, concealment and rescue. A compilation of the commentary and discussions of the. So should the Jews be as dumb as the Christians, to feel good about being female? The Pharaoh's daughter gave her consent, and Miriam introduced Jochebed to the princess. But after Joseph died, there arose a Pharaoh who did not know Joseph, and Israel’s welcome grew cold. See how God justifies the timeline even if we humans won't read Him properly. All Israel saw this, and they, too, remarried their wives (Mekhilta de-Rabbi Simeon bar Yohai [ed. . If so, then why does Ex. According to one opinion, she realized that he was suited to be a prophet; according to another, she saw that he was born circumcised; and according to a third exegetical suggestion, she saw that the entire house was filled with light (BT Sotah 12a). This portrayal emphasizes the painstaking attention that Jochebed paid to every detail in the ark. When not specified, "Talmud" refers to the Babylonian Talmud.Talmud discusses this relationship in the context of the incest prohibitions in Lev. As the years passed by, Jochebed invested into her boy. The name Jochebed in Hebrew means - glory of Jehovah or Jehovah is her Jewish Women's Archive. (Exodus 6:20). In the long run, he delivers his people, the Jews, from enslavement in Egypt. Though the Bible gives no specific date for Miriam's birth, Ussher suggests that it took place in 2422 AM, eleven years before the birth of Moses.[1]. Yes, Levi's youngest daughter he had in old age, but long AFTER he entered Egypt. 2:3), lining the inside with bitumen, and coating it on the outside with pitch, so that Moses would not smell the bad odor given off by the latter. Exodus 6:20 And Amram took him Jochebed his father's sister to wife; and she bore him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years. In the midrashic exegesis, the Egyptians counted the months of her pregnancy only from her return to Amram; they did not know that she was already in the third month (see above), and so Moses could be hidden in his parents’ home until he had had time to grow and develop. That Jochebed could still be bearing children at the age of forty-eight might seem unlikely by modern standards. Pounding on their door startled Amram and Jochebed awake. Kadari, Tamar. Rabbah [ed. R. iv. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. 1:21), which the Rabbis understand as priestly and Levitical households, or as royal households. Trials and difficulties and obstacles come to all of us, but for the moment, we want to look at the example found in the life of Jochebed. The princess then hired Jochebed to nurse her own son. The Masoretic Text states that Jochebed was Amram's father's sister. Jochebed’s story is one of trust, courage, and faith. Your site also helped us research the background information concerning Amram and Joshebed's marriage. We See Her Credentials. Another midrash has Jochebed building a little canopy for Moses inside the ark, for she said to herself: Perhaps I will not see him under his wedding canopy (BT Sotah 12a–b). Everything looked hopeless for the Hebrew slaves. (Viewed on January 1, 2021) . We wanted to find out whether or not Amram supported Joshebed in her decision to hide Baby Moses. Here is an expansion of the biblical story as I imagine it could have happened. A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation (hermeneutical rules). Jochebed (Hebrew יֹוכֶ֤בֶד, Yohéved, Glory of God) (ca. In the book of Exodus, he is left in a basket in a clump of reeds (bulrushes), but he is never abandoned. For three months Jochebed hid Moses in her home, but she could not hide him indefinitely. In addition to her given name, the Torah she-bi-khetav: Lit. Though this project also is flawed, its portrait of Jochebed is consistent with the Biblical narrative. She told them of how Pharaoh’s daughter found him and how she was hired to nurse him. Amram and Jochebed Did NOT Fear the King of Egypt. In the famous Cecil B. DeMille movie The Ten Commandments (where she is credited as Yochebel), she is shown setting Moses adrift in his wicker ark, and then as an aging slave who is almost buried alive by entrapment within two heavy monument stones until Moses, while still a prince of Egypt and even a contender for the throne, sets her free (and also pardons Joshua, who had struck an Egyptian overseer to force the Egyptians to stop moving the stone). Look: Jochebed was YES important, but NOT GOOD DEEDS (can you hate God more than that, to invent 'good deeds' Bible never records) -- but because SHE BELIEVED, Gen 15:6, what God praises in Abraham. (Exodus 2:1-10 ), Miriam was thus old enough to walk and even to speak. Jochebed enjoyed longevity, living to witness the positions of leadership held by her children, and was even one of the Israelites who entered the land of Canaan. "order." 26:59): “The name of Amram’s wife was Jochebed daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt.” The A type of non-halakhic literary activitiy of the Rabbis for interpreting non-legal material according to special principles of interpretation (hermeneutical rules).midrash adds that she was conceived on the way to Egypt, and was born between the walls (at the entrance to Egypt). The Bible gives no specific date for the death of Jochebed. Conservative scholars date the “Exodus,” a landmark in Israel’s history, at 1446 B.C. Rabbah loc. 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